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HOME > J Liver Cancer > Volume 17(2); 2017 > Article
Original Article Conventional versus Drug-eluting Beads Trans-arterial Chemoembolization for Treatment of Hepatocellular Carcinoma at Very Early and Early Stages
Kwang-Hun Lee, Seung-Moon Joo, Tae Jun Yum, Sang Hoon Jung
Journal of Liver Cancer 2017;17(2):144-152
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17998/jlc.17.2.144
Published online: September 30, 2017
Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiological Science, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
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Background/Aims
To retrospectively compare conventional and drug-eluting beads transarterial chemoembolization (C-TACE and DEB-TACE) for treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) at very early and early stages.
Methods
We retrospectively compared patients treated with C-TACE (n=115) or DEB-TACE (n=103) from September 2009 to May 2016. All patients were in a very early (stage 0) or early stage (stage A) of the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) staging system, and all had Child– Pugh class A and ≤B7 liver status. Approval by the institutional review board was waived because the study was retrospective. The following parameters were evaluated: severe pain and bradycardia during TACE, post-embolization syndrome (PES), liver function change, complications, target tumor response, and conversion to another treatment modality. Numeric differences were assessed by the independent Student’s t-test for continuous variables and by chi-square test for categorical variables.
Results
Severe intractable pain and bradycardia during the TACE procedure were significantly more frequent in the C-TACE group than in the DEB-TACE group (P<0.001). The incidence and duration of PES were significantly higher in the C-TACE group than in the DEB-TACE group (P<0.001). The increase in liver enzymes was significantly higher in the C-TACE group than in the DEB-TACE group (P<0.001). The deterioration of the Child-Pugh class was significantly higher in the C-TACE group than in the DEB-TACE group (P =0.006). There was no significant difference in serious complications except localized bile duct dilatation between the groups. There was no significant difference between the groups in tumor response at both immediate and 1-year assessment. The conversion rate to other treatment modalities was significantly higher in the DEB-TACE group than in the C-TACE group (P<0.001).
Conclusions
DEB-TACE is better than C-TACE in terms of procedural safety as initial treatment in a very early or early stage of HCC.


JLC : Journal of Liver Cancer