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7 "Kang Mo Kim"
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Original Articles
Subclassification of advanced-stage hepatocellular carcinoma with macrovascular invasion: combined transarterial chemoembolization and radiotherapy as an alternative first-line treatment
Sujin Jin, Won-Mook Choi, Ju Hyun Shim, Danbi Lee, Kang Mo Kim, Young-Suk Lim, Han Chu Lee, Jinhong Jung, Sang Min Yoon, Jonggi Choi
J Liver Cancer. 2023;23(1):177-188.   Published online March 23, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17998/jlc.2023.03.04
  • 1,268 Views
  • 84 Downloads
  • 1 Citation
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Background/Aim
The Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) guidelines recommend systemic therapy as the only first-line treatment for patients with BCLC stage C hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) despite its heterogeneity of disease extent. We aimed to identify patients who might benefit from combined transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) and radiation therapy (RT) by subclassifying BCLC stage C.
Methods
A total of 1,419 treatment-naïve BCLC stage C patients with macrovascular invasion (MVI) who were treated with combined TACE and RT (n=1,115) or systemic treatment (n=304) were analyzed. The primary outcome was overall survival (OS). Factors associated with OS were identified and assigned points by the Cox model. The patients were subclassified into three groups based on these points.
Results
The mean age was 55.4 years, and 87.8% were male. The median OS was 8.3 months. Multivariate analysis revealed a significant association of Child-Pugh B, infiltrative-type tumor or tumor size ≥10 cm, main or bilateral portal vein invasion, and extrahepatic metastasis with poor OS. The sub-classification was categorized into low (point ≤1), intermediate (point=2), and high (point ≥3) risks based on the sum of points (range, 0–4). The OS in the low, intermediate, and high-risk groups was 22.6, 8.2, and 3.8 months, respectively. In the low and intermediate-risk groups, patients treated with combined TACE and RT exhibited significantly longer OS (24.2 and 9.5 months, respectively) than those who received systemic treatment (6.4 and 5.1 months, respectively; P<0.0001).
Conclusions
Combined TACE and RT may be considered as a first-line treatment option for HCC patients with MVI when classified into low- and intermediate-risk groups.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • How to optimize the treatment strategy for advanced-stage hepatocellular carcinoma with macrovascular invasion
    Beom Kyung Kim
    Journal of Liver Cancer.2023; 23(1): 121.     CrossRef
Stereotactic body radiation therapy for elderly patients with small hepatocellular carcinoma: a retrospective observational study
Jeong Yun Jang, Jinhong Jung, Danbi Lee, Ju Hyun Shim, Kang Mo Kim, Young-Suk Lim, Han Chu Lee, Jin-hong Park, Sang Min Yoon
J Liver Cancer. 2022;22(2):136-145.   Published online September 16, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17998/jlc.2022.08.18
  • 2,587 Views
  • 72 Downloads
  • 5 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Background/Aim
We aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) in elderly patients with small hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC).
Methods
Eighty-three patients (89 lesions) with HCC who underwent SBRT between January 2012 and December 2018 were reviewed in this retrospective observational study. The key inclusion criteria were as follows: 1) age ≥75 years, 2) contraindications for hepatic resection or percutaneous ablative therapies, 3) no macroscopic vascular invasion, and 4) no extrahepatic metastasis.
Results
The patients were 75-90 years of age, and 49 (59.0%) of them were male. Most patients (94.0%) had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 or 1. Seventy-four patients (89.2%) had Child-Pugh class A hepatic function before SBRT. The median tumor size was 1.6 cm (range, 0.7-3.5). The overall median follow-up period was 34.8 months (range, 7.3-99.3). The 5-year local tumor control rate was 90.1%. The 3-year and 5-year overall survival rate was 57.1% and 40.7%, respectively. Acute toxicity grade ≥3 was observed in three patients (3.6%) with elevated serum hepatic enzymes; however, no patient experienced a worsening of the Child-Pugh score to ≥2 after SBRT. None of the patients developed late toxicity (grade ≥3).
Conclusions
SBRT is a safe treatment option with a high local control rate in elderly patients with small HCC who are not eligible for other curative treatments.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Radiofrequency Ablation versus Surgical Resection in Elderly Hepatocellular Carcinoma: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
    Jeong-Ju Yoo, Sujin Koo, Gi Hong Choi, Min Woo Lee, Seungeun Ryoo, Jungeun Park, Dong Ah Park
    Current Oncology.2024; 31(1): 324.     CrossRef
  • Radiotherapy trend in elderly hepatocellular carcinoma: retrospective analysis of patients diagnosed between 2005 and 2017
    Bong Kyung Bae, Jeong Il Yu, Hee Chul Park, Myung Ji Goh, Yong-Han Paik
    Radiation Oncology Journal.2023; 41(2): 98.     CrossRef
  • Loco-regional therapies competing with radiofrequency ablation in potential indications for hepatocellular carcinoma: a network meta-analysis
    Ha Il Kim, Jihyun An, Seungbong Han, Ju Hyun Shim
    Clinical and Molecular Hepatology.2023; 29(4): 1013.     CrossRef
  • Has the growing evidence of radiotherapy for hepatocellular carcinoma increased the use of radiotherapy in elderly patients?
    Tae Hyun Kim
    Radiation Oncology Journal.2023; 41(3): 141.     CrossRef
  • Chronic Liver Disease in the Older Patient—Evaluation and Management
    Daniel Anthony DiLeo, Tolga Gidener, Ayse Aytaman
    Current Gastroenterology Reports.2023; 25(12): 390.     CrossRef
Case Reports
A Case of the Effective Treatment of HCC with Bile Duct Invasion and Portal Vein Thrombosis
Jihyun An, Danbi Lee, Ju Hyun Shim, Kang Mo Kim, Young-Suk Lim, Han Chu Lee, Young-Hwa Chung, Yung Sang Lee
Journal of the Korean Liver Cancer Study Group. 2013;13(2):169-172.   Published online September 30, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17998/jlc.13.2.169
  • 1,122 Views
  • 2 Downloads
AbstractAbstract PDF
Bile duct invasion of hepatocellular caricinoma (HCC) is rare, ranging from 1.2% to 9%. Moreover, the standard treatment of HCC with bile duct invasion is not yet established. We report a case of HCC with bile duct invasion and portal vein thrombosis which was successfully treated by trasarterial chemoembolization and radiotherapy. A 38-year-old female patient visited our hospital due to right upper quadrant pain. The level of total and direct bilirubin was 6.8 and 4.0 mg/dL, respectively. Her blood test showed HBs Ag positive and the level of alpha-fetoprotein was 43,000 ng/mL. Her CT scan revealed lobulating hypervascular mass involving right hepatic lobe, portal vein and both intrahepatic ducts. We performed endoscopic biliary drainage using biliary stent. She had been diagnosed as HCC on endobiliary biopsy. She was treated with radiotherapy (RT) to portal vein thrombosis, and seven transarterial chemoembolizations. After of all, we carried out radiotherapy to hepatic vein thrombosis and residual HCC near hepatic vein. After the RT, she has been taken care at outpatient clinic without evidence of recurrence during 8 months.
A Case of Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome after Cisplatin Based Transarterial Chemoembolization
Chang Hyeon Seok, Danbi Lee, Ju Hyun Shim, Kang Mo Kim, Young-Suk Lim, Han Chu Lee, Young-Hwa Chung, Yung Sang Lee
Journal of the Korean Liver Cancer Study Group. 2012;12(2):169-171.   Published online September 30, 2012
  • 584 Views
  • 4 Downloads
AbstractAbstract PDF
Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is a rare condition compromising the clinical triad of acute renal failure, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, and thrombocytopenia. HUS may be associated with a variety of etiologies, and chemotherapeutic agents have also been reported to be associated with HUS, including mitomycin, cisplatin, bleomycin, and most recently gemcitabine. HUS also has been observed in association with a number of disseminated malignancies in adults, most typically adenocarcinoma of the stomach and breast. But there was no case report of HUS after cisplatin based transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We experienced a case of HUS after cisplatin based TACE and reported this case with several literature reviews.
A Case of Small HCC
Chang Hyeon Seock, Danbi Lee, Ju Hyun Shim, Kang Mo Kim, Young-Suk Lim, Han Chu Lee, Young-Hwa Chung, Yung Sang Lee
Journal of the Korean Liver Cancer Study Group. 2012;12(1):28-31.   Published online February 28, 2012
  • 497 Views
  • 3 Downloads
AbstractAbstract PDF
According to AASLD practice guideline, nodules that are smaller than 1 cm should be followed with ultrasound at intervals from 3-6 months and nodules larger than 1 cm found on ultrasound screening of a cirrhotic liver should be investigated further with either 4-phase multidetector CT scan or dynamic contrast enhanced MRI. If the appearances are typical of HCC, the lesion should be treated as HCC. We experienced a patient who has a hepatic nodule smaller than 1 cm and followed AASLD guideline and performed radiofrequency ablation for hepatocellularcarcinoma after 13 months later. MRI helped to diagnose hepatic nodule as a hepatocellularcarcinoma during surveillance.
A Case of a Advanced Stage Hepatocelluar Carcinoma Patient with Relatively Good Response after Combination Therapy
Chang Hyeon Seock, Danbi Lee, Ju Hyun Shim, Kang Mo Kim, Young-Suk Lim, Han Chu Lee, Young-Hwa Chung, Yung Sang Lee
Journal of the Korean Liver Cancer Study Group. 2012;12(1):58-61.   Published online February 28, 2012
  • 471 Views
  • 1 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
According to AASLD practice guideline, for patients who present with advanced hepatocelluar carcinoma, new data indicates the efficacy of sorafenib in prolonging life. But there are no data comparing combination transarterial chemoemboliation with sorafenib to sorafenib treatment alone. We experienced a case that treated a patient with combination therapy including transarterial chemoembolization for intrahepatic hepatocelluarcarcinoma, radiation therapy for portal vein thrombosis and sorafenib treatment. He was in stable disease state after 6 months later. Therefore, it seems to be need to study for comparing combination therapy to sorafenib, or to transarterial chemoembolization.
A Case of Hepatocellular Carcinoma with Bile Duct Invasion Surgically Resected after Transarterial Chemoembolization; Curative Resection after Tumor Downstaging
Nae-Yun Heo, Han Chu Lee, Ju Hyun Shim, Kang Mo Kim, Young Suk Lim, Young-Hwa Chung, Yung Sang Lee, Dong Jin Suh
Journal of the Korean Liver Cancer Study Group. 2011;11(1):69-74.   Published online February 28, 2011
  • 517 Views
  • 0 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
A surgical resection is a major curative treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in Korea. However, the respectability of HCC at the time of diagnosis is low (10-30%) because the cancer is often identified as advanced stage. Nevertheless, some of the patients were known to have a curative resection after successful downstaging therapy. We report a HCC with bile duct invasion which was successfully downstaged by the transarterial chemoembolization and treated by surgical resection.

JLC : Journal of Liver Cancer